Helen of Troy

Links compiled by Tracy Marks, Greek Mythology instructor in Cambridge,
Massachusetts, leader of the online Classica discussion group and Path
of the Heroine Greek mythology workshops. More Greek mythology
articles and links here

Helen of Troy, was previously Helen of Sparta. The most beautiful woman in ancient Greece, was married to Menelaus, king of Sparta and brother of Agamemnon. However Paris, Prince of Troy was awarded Helen by Aphrodite, as a result of choosing Aphrodite as the most beautiful goddess at the Judgment of Paris. He then abducted Helen and brought her to Troy.

Because all the previous suitors of Helen had pledged their loyalty to her chosen husband (and perhaps because Greece was eager to lay claims to the rich mineral resources of Troy and its enviable trading position as a gateway to Asia), a large army sailed to Troy to battle the Trojans and reclaim her. For ten years, Helen of Sparta, now Helen of Troy, now lived in Troy, while the Greeks and Trojans battled in the Trojan War.

Throughout history, Helen has been blamed for the Trojan war - as Pandora was blamed for the opening the box that released the ills that beset mankind, ands Eve was blamed for Adam's eating of the apple, and the expulsion from Eden.

But was Helen at fault? Did she willing elope with Paris, or was she kidnapped against her will? And was not Paris truly the perpetrator of the Trojan War, as a result of abducting the most prized woman of Greece at a time in which Greek/Trojan relations were tenuous at best? Or did the fault reside in Priam, king of Troy, for not returning her to the Greeks when they demanded her return?

Helen of Troy Mini-Series
The USA Network


Helen's Lament poem by Tracy Marks


Conflicting Views on Helen: 
(Don't miss this one!)

Helen at Greek Mythology Link 
* http://homepage.mac.com/cparada/GML/Helen.html
(the best Greek mythology site on the Net!)

About Helen


Helen of Troy at Wikipedia

Helen and her Impact

Helen of Troy  

Helen of Troy

Women's History Helen of Troy Links

Deborah Lyons: Catalog of Heroines:

Mortal Women of the Trojan War (Helen)

Helen of Troy: Heroine or Goddess?

Helen of Troy Lookup at Perseus (long url!)

Who Really Launched 1000 Ships? (Aphrodite's Role)


Helen of Troy
in Poetry, Literature and Film

Sarah Teasdale's Helen of Troy poem:


Euripides' Helen
More at:  http://www.users.globalnet.co.uk/~loxias/helen.htm

And Euripides on Helen in Egypt:

Helen to Paris letter, Ovid's Heroides
(in process of translation)

From Helen by H.D.

Robert Wise's Helen of Troy Movie:
Helen of Troy
(Film pictures on this page are borrowed from this site)

Warner Bros. Pictures, Inc.,  Directed by: Robert Wise
Starring Rossana Podesta as Helen, Jack Sernas as Paris, Stanley Baker as
Achilles, Niall MacGinnis as Menelaus, Cedric Hardwicke as Priam, Robert
Douglas as Agamemnon, Torin Thatcher as Ulysses, Harry Andrews as
Hector, Janette Scott as Cassandra, Brigitte Bardot as Andraste

And please do read my Helen of Troy poem, Helen's Lament!



Helen of Troy Paintings

Polygnotos: Helen, A Herald and Aithra:

Other Helen of Troy images
(previously at http://www-lib.haifa.ac.il/www.art):
Makron: Abduction of Helen
Fra Angelico: Helen
David: Paris and Helen
Reni: Abduction of Helen
Francken: L'Enlevement of Helen
Rossetti: Helen of Troy
Moreau: Helen Under the Walls of Troy
Heemskerk: Helen

Helen of Troy Books available at Amazon.com

To Follow the Goddess: Helen of Troy (Cargill)

Helen of Troy and Her Shameless Phantom

Inside the Walls of Troy: The Women Who Lived the Trojan War (young adult)

Helen of Troy by Andrew Lang

Goddess of Yesterday

After the Trojan War: Three Plays
According to Helen

Helen: Myth, Legend and the Culture of Misogyny (Meagher)
see also reviews at Barnes and Noble

Concannon, Helen's Passage (1998)

Metamorphoses of Helen: Authority, Difference and the Epic

Helen by Euripides

Helen in Egypt

The Meaning of Helen: In Search of An Ancient Icon

Her Kind: Stories of Women from Greek Mythology

Women in Greek Myth (Lefkowitz)

Gender and Immortality: Heroines in Ancient Greek Myth and Cult (Lyons)

The Husbands: Book 3 and 4 of the Iliad

Grafting Helen: The Abduction of the Classical Past

Helen of Troy in Fiction
H. Rider Haggard & Andrew Lang, The World's Desire (1890)
John Erskine, The Private Life of Helen of Troy (1925)
Edward Lucas White, Helen (1925)
Eva H. Hansen, Scandal in Troy (1956)
Kevin Mathews, Helen of Troy (1965)
Miranda Seymour, The Goddess (1979)

And please do read my Helen of Troy poem, Helen's Lament!

links compiled by Tracy Marks
(alias Torrey Philemon at Ancient Sites/Ancient Worlds)
Arlington, Massachusetts

go back to Torrey Philemon's Greek Mythology Resources

go to Ancient Greece and Troy Maps
go to Iliad Terminology: The Greek Language

Web page created October 14, 1998
Update October 15, 2006

This page is now at http://www.webwinds.com/thalassa/helen.htm

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